Wednesday, August 15, 2007

The rights to assembly in Democratic Kampuchea compare to the rights to assembly in the State of Cambodia

Rights to assembly is the rights that individual would be able to form in group to create party, organization, or association in religion, business or politics for their sakes. These rights most likely practiced in democratic system to form pluralism and multi-party system. However, in Cambodia during the Democratic Kampuchea I found nothing relates to the rights to assembly to participate in these areas. Anyway, after the defeat of Khmer Rough in 1979, the constitution was changed to serve the new political era, the State of Cambodia. So, I choose this topic, “The rights to assembly in Democratic Kampuchea compare to the rights to assembly in the State of Cambodia”, as my study because it leads me to have better understanding about the rights of people in religion, business and politics in that period and guide me to learn more about politics in the State of Cambodia. And I want to know that what are similarities and differences of rights to assembly between the two regimes. Furthermore, I would like to understand more about human rights which exists in book that compiled by Professor Stan and what we have discussed in class. These reasons force and direct me to do research on this topic because it is very significant to my study in this term, Human Rights and World Politics.

1 comment:

sithanay said...

Based on their own constitution and political system of the two regime, we can see that those are differently. The Khmer Rouge ‘s regime was a kind of Marxist socialist political system adopted Maoism and another one, the socialist political system bias to Marxist and Leninist but some political reform due to the end of Cold War. Naturally, there are differences between theory and practices in actual activity of the social leading.
Among people whose age over 40 years, can remember clearly the situation in Khmer Rouge’s regime on human rights especially the right to assembly. The right we focus the political participation. Among the regimes occurred in Cambodia from 1953 to 1993, Democratic Kampuchea, Khmer Rouge’s regime was most strict and radical. Chapter 9, Right and Duties of the Individual. Article 12 Every citizens of Kampuchea enjoys full rights to a constantly improving material, spiritual and culture life……..
The final paragraph is that, “There is absolutely no unemployment in Democratic Kampuchea." In the practice, who had an idea that was different to the goal of Authority or upper order was banned or can be arrested in public.

One sentence that everyone must remembered was that the political line of Angka was brighter and rightful, we must obey. Khmer Rouge always concentrated people to listen to their leader’s talk, but they never listen to people talk though their constitution in article states that people was the own master of the country but people had no right to talk about politics only admired the state’s political line. Actually, people in the regime need earnestly the right to life with enough food because property and other preciously in the market system for them. For example, big houses, Cars etc… could not be appreciated.
In short, only right to assemble for religion was banned around 1976, during Khmer Rouge held the power. Moreover, right to visit relative was strict ed. People who live and work in their village was no allowed to any where without permission because they feared any force to overthrow their regime.
However, it was hurt to re describe the situation in the bad mare like that because most people and politicians do not believe that, but we must recognize the reality as some event happened in Russia, in 1917 , in Poland 1945 and China during the Cultural revolution of Moa.
According to the Constitution of the States of Cambodia, we can focus on some main part of it, we will be clear that it is different because it is established for attract the attention to people and other international. Before the state of Cambodia exist was the PRK that adopted the Marxist and Leninist Socialist political and economic systems. I try to pose a question that in the socialist system, can a simple people raise a criticize on government policy ? even though in any place .
In the real practice, freedom of assembly for establish civil society or political parties were not allowed , but the freedom of assembly for religion especially Buddhist ceremony was openly, including some official of government can join happily. In the political situation of Cambodia and in the world changes in the new turn. In 1989, the Cold War end, USSR was dissolved and some Eastern European socialist system were collapsed and intended to democracy. So, that effect to the political event in Cambodia. The Collapse of USSR lead to lost the socialism of Leninist from every where that lied down under USSR.
In short, based on theory and practice of democratic, we can see that most state who practice socialism or communism do not open for every freedom states in UDHR or ICCPR. In theory, its constitution states the human right but their interpretation is different from actual theory of it origin. But, it doesn’t mean that other states who are not communist or socialism is practice better.
The right to assembly for political participation are main key for democratic system has to improve the system. So, the ruling leaders in the society mostly afraid of it. It can change or reform in the policy of government because the decision of assembly reflects the own will of people even though in the democratic countries still face the problem and the reasons is that the democratic leaders must have good will and education for their nation.
In other way, the result of comparison between them is that freedom to assembly in Democratic Kampuchea and in the states of Cambodia were negative, but in reality the right in the State of Cambodia was better because the political situation change from worse to better but is not better much because there were no the bases in the time as civil societies and any international institutions for human rights .